Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease is a category of heart disease that includes abnormalities in cardiovascular structures that occur before birth. These defects occur while the fetus is developing in the uterus and may affect approximately 1 in 100 children. Congenital heart defects may produce symptoms at birth, during childhood, or not until adulthood. Other congenital defects may cause no symptoms.
Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option when the heart valves become damaged or diseased and do not function properly. Heart valves help blood the flow through the heart chambers in one direction. Blood that flows out of your heart into large arteries must also flow through a heart valve.
A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts of your body. A stent is placed in an artery as part of a procedure called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), sometimes referred to as coronary angioplasty. PCI restores blood flow through narrow or blocked arteries. A stent helps support the inner wall of the artery in the months or years after PCI.
The goal of this surgery is to replace damaged arteries in your heart with blood vessels from another area of your body. This surgery is used when your coronary arteries are blocked or damaged. The coronary arteries supply the heart’s muscles with oxygenated blood. If they are blocked or the flow of blood is restricted, your heart cannot function properly. This can lead to heart failure.
Pacemaker implantation is a surgical procedure where a small electrical device called a pacemaker is implanted in your chest. The pacemaker sends regular electrical pulses that help keep your heart beating regularly. Having a pacemaker fitted can greatly improve your quality of life if you have problems with your heart rhythm, and the device can be lifesaving for some people.
Coronary angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see how blood flows through the arteries in your heart. Coronary angiography may be done if you have Angina for the first time, Angina that is becoming worse, Aortic stenosis, atypical chest pain, when other tests are normal, had an abnormal heart stress test, heart failure or a recent heart attack.
Saved The Surgery
Often wrong-diagnosis leads to more agony and suffering for a patient than right diagnosis. These are cases of patients who spent days and months worrying about how to make ends meet to be able to afford surgery only to realize their condition could be managed by medications and non-surgical techniques.
Septal Myxoma (Tumor)
An atrial myxoma is a noncancerous tumor in the upper left or right side of the heart. It grows on the wall that separates the two sides of the heart. This wall is called the atrial septum. Primary cardiac tumors are rare. Myxomas are the most common type of these rare tumors. About 75% of myxomas occur in the left atrium of the heart, usually beginning in the wall that divides the two upper chambers of the heart. The rest are in the right atrium.
This section contains case histories and details of patients suffering from uncommon heart ailments.